The motherboard or mainboard is the central circuit board of the entire computer. All other boards and computers connect into the motherboard, hence it’s name. I believe the motherboard is the most important piece of hardware in your computer, not that other parts are optional but rather that your motherboard should be high quality and if you’re building you own computer needs to be ready to handle upgrades down the road. This is an advantage of building your own computer, when you buy pre-built from the store you can’t really control the quality of the motherboard, you just hope the manufacture used a quality part. If you’re motherboard is not up to specs then you may go buy an awesome video card so you can start doing some gaming only to find out your motherboard isn’t built to handle gaming or the card you purchased.
The processor or CPU (Central Processing Unit) is the brains of the computer. For the most part it is the chip that all processing goes through. The CPU is also a very delicate part of the computer and you should not remove it unless you know what you are doing. Damaging one of the hundreds of pin on the chip can destroy the CPU permanently. The faster your CPU the faster your computer can process data. CPU’s have two important factors, speed or frequency and cores. Frequency is the speed of the CPU think of it as the speed limit of a road the higher it is the fast it can go. Cores can be thought of as lanes of a highway, is a CPU has 4 cores think of it as a 4 lane highway, it can do more things at once. Both of these are important.
RAM or Memory is the component of your computer that temporary stores information that you are working on. When you load a program or open anything on your computer it is stored in the RAM until you close it. RAM can be a quick and affordable upgrade to your computer. More RAM means more space for your computer to run more programs, if your RAM fills up your computer is forced to put information back into the hard drive virtual memory which makes it slower. If your computer has less than 2GB of RAM you should upgrade right away. If you are doing gaming or multi-tasking you should have 4-8GB of RAM and if you are doing high-end gaming or video editing 16GB would probably be helpful.
Hard Drive (Storage)
Hard Drive Storage is where all of your files and folders are stored. When you save something or install something it goes on your hard drive. Most hard drives are magnetic type storage and use disk platters to store the information, this type of storage is affordable and the most common to find in a computer.